Predestined in Christ and Because of Christ

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God did not arbitrarily draw the line between the saved and the unsaved. The election of believers can only be properly understood in the light of the cross and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

A long time before anyone of us existed God predestined Jesus to be the Redeemer of the world. Then, for no apparent inherent reason, of all people God elected Abraham, Isaac and Jacob to deliver Jesus into the human family. And then, in and through Jesus, God made His election effective for everyone who trusts in Jesus – regardless of our religious, national, ethnic or racial backgrounds.

Election and redemption of believers are not two independent events or categories. Notice that, according to Ephesians 1:3-11, anything that has ever happened to us in regard to predestination, has already taken place “in Jesus” for the purpose of “bringing all things in heaven and on earth together under one head, even Christ”. Eph. 1:10. NIV.

When Paul debates “God’s sovereign choice” in the Letter to the Romans (chapters 9, 10, 11) he is not doing it to justify an arbitrary will of God in regard to the final destiny of people, or to argue on behalf of “limited atonement”. He is trying to tell the Jews of his days, who were steeped in religious nationalism and national self-importance, that just as much as it was God’s sovereign will to choose initially Abraham, Isaac and Jacob out of so many other human families, peoples and nations, because of Jesus God now has equal sovereign right to choose anyone else (Romans 10:11), without apologizing to the Jews, or to anyone else for doing so.

No two independent lines of salvation exist anywhere in the Bible; one that goes through a random act of election of an arbitrary God, and another one through the cross of Jesus. The line of election and the line of the cross are one and the same line. They are the two facets of the same truth.

In fact, everything is very simple: “To all who received Him. to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God – children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.” John 1:12.13. NIV

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Reformation Without Strings Attached

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Five hundred years ago, on 31st October 1517., a German monk Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Castle Church in Germany. This event set in motion the unstoppable wave of the Protestant Reformation in Europe, and led to the departure of the churches identified with the Reformation from the Roman Catholic Church.

In the heart of the big split were two incompatible interpretations of the centrality and the role of the saving grace and faith in the lives of believers. On the one hand the Roman Catholic Church, through its teachings and popular beliefs acted as if it were the authorized administrator of God’s grace to believers. In other words, the grace of God came into the lives of believers with some conditions attached, of which the Roman Catholic Church was in control.

The Reformers, however, understood that if the grace of Jesus Christ were to be the undiluted grace, it had to be administered without any human strings attached. According to the Reformers, grace is no longer grace the moment subjective interpretations or requirements are added to it. Such was the case with the offensive sale of indulgencies in the days of Martin Luther, when the Roman Catholic Church of the days was adding a monetary value to the grace of Christ. It deceived the millions by the Johann Tetzel’s formula: “As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul out of the purgatory springs”.

As the Reformation reached its momentum, following the brave Luther’s declaration “Here I Stand, I can do no other”, the Reformers guarded the rediscovered Gospel by the following statements of faith: “Jesus alone! Grace alone! Faith alone! Bible alone!”

Today, 500 years later, we are hearing the choruses of Christian leaders and scholars declaring that the Reformation was a big mistake, and that all theological differences that continue to keep the Roman Catholics and the Protestants apart were caused by “a tragic misunderstanding”.  “Our differences are only a matter of semantics. After all don’t we all believe that we are all saved by grace! Aren’t we sharing in the same Holy Spirit!” – many are reasoning today.

A case in point was the late Anglican Bishop Tony Palmer, who dedicated his life to building bridges between the Roman Catholic Church and the Protestants, especially the Evangelical charismatic communities claiming that the “Luther’s protest is over”.  In his view the protest achieved its purpose in 1999 when the “Roman Catholic Church and the Protestant Lutheran church signed an agreement that brought an end to the protest”.

Likewise, a recent visit of  Pope Francis to Sweden, where he met with the top leaders of the Lutheran World Federation about the commemoration of 500 years of the Protestant Reformation, seemed to be suggesting that Pope Francis too believed that the end of five hundred year-long separation was almost over. As the time of celebration of the important anniversary was nearing the voices declaring the ushering in of the age of new unity of the Spirit were becoming increasingly louder. It seems as if the embarrassment of the fragmented Christianity is about to end soon?

But, is that really so? Has anything substantially changed for better in our appreciation of the Gospel of Christ since that day in 1517 when Martin Luther protested against the religious manipulations of the day? Have we finally come to a clearer understanding of the meaning, centrality and all-sufficiency of Jesus’ life, death and resurrection in our salvation? Have we finally stopped turning our denominations and churches into the ‘dens of robbers’ by selling in them our own brands of saving supplements? Have we all, after many debates, commissions and joint declarations come to share in the transfiguration experience of Jesus, so that finally we “see no one and nothing else but Jesus”? Matthew 17:8.

I am not convinced that we have. And I am saying “we” because all kinds of self-saving placebos are marketed across the entire spectrum of Christendom today, and not only by the fringe Christian movements.

The examples vary from the outrageous and extreme self-molestations of Catholics in Philippines during the days of Easter, to the superstitious veneration of relics and deceased human intercessors and co-redeemers, still very much alive even in the most liberal circles of the Roman Catholic Church. There where the leaders of the church are still directing their followers to seek the redemptive and mediating qualities in their saints, bones, holy objects and holy places, reformation has not taken place yet.

By the same token, have we Protestants moved forward “always reforming” when many of us are relying on our subjective forms of mysticism?  Listen, for example, to the popular contemporary praise and worship services and you will discover that too many Protestants/Evangelicals are indulged in the praise of their emotions rather than in the praise of Jesus the Redeemer.

Or, what to say about depending too much on the subjective prophetic and charismatic experiences for the assurance of our standing with God rather than on the firm promise that “whoever calls on the name of the Lord will be saved?” Romans 10:13. Are we truly reformed if it matters to us more that we feel right, rather than that we believe right?

Also, have we really understood the heart of Reformation if our mainstream denominations are watering down all the denominational statements that have until recently declared the appreciation for the uniqueness of Jesus as “the only name given to men to be saved”? Acts 4:11.

In other words, wherever a Christian culture exists that encourages its followers to believe and act as if their salvation, or sense of God’s approval depend on our works of any kind; or on our subjective inner feelings and notions; or when we are encouraged to look for the revelation of God in the inner mazes of our consciousness and emotions – through it all we are demonstrating that we are not sure if trusting in Jesus alone is enough to keep us in the saving relationship with God. Thus, the grace of Christ, as the supreme and all-sufficient agent of our salvation is compromised, diluted, even lost.

As long as something is being added, whatever that may be, to which we give even partial redemptive attributes, we have not grasped the heart, meaning and continuing urgency of the Reformation. Instead of “always reforming” we are continually deforming.

Today many are praying for unity, quoting the prayer of Jesus “that all may be one”. Unfortunately, they are forgetting that the only legitimate unity shared among the followers of Jesus is the one with Jesus firmly occupying the throne, and deciding the rules of the game. “That all of them may be one, Father, just as You are in me and I am in You”’ prayed Jesus. John 17:21.

Jesus never prayed for unity at all costs. Claims that “since we all share in the same Spirit we ought to share in the visible unity too” are very deceptive claims. Unity that does not have Jesus-plus-nothing in the center is a hijacked unity. Cosmetic unifications are not based on the truth but on compromises that always sacrifice the Gospel. There where Jesus Christ is not on the throne, some other “christs” will be enthroned. This is why the warning of Paul the Apostle sounds so urgent and so uncompromising: “Even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you, let him be eternally condemned”. Galatians 2:8.

The 16th century Reformers understood that the heart of the Gospel was the gift of Jesus Christ without human strings attached. This was the landmark which they did not dare compromise or subject to improvisation. Neither should we dare do it today.

 

Postscriptum added November 14, 2017 :

No church organization, movement or a group can honestly claim to be the flag-bearers of the Reformation if they have departed from believing in the central importance of the substitutionary life and death of Jesus Christ, and his literal, bodily resurrection. Trusting in Jesus-alone, plus no one or anything else, is the heart of the Reformation. Understanding its meaning is enough to know that the reasons for the Protest have not been removed yet, and that they are very much alive today across the Protestant spectrum too.  Any Christian group that undermines or caricatures the most literal centrality of Christ in its teaching; or that pays Him a lip service only, or hijacks the Gospel of Christ for the promotion of its own peculiar teachings are not the Reformers of our days. Neither are those who major on the social and cultural benefits of the Reformation alone, while being embarrassed of its Christ-alone centered heart. Only those who continue to see and interpret everything they believe through the glasses of the exclusive and substitutionary importance of Jesus’ life, death and resurrection, and are ready to get rid of all other additives to our salvation as redundant, are legitimate flag bearers of the Reformation.

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Becoming Agents of Forgiveness and Reconciliation

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ROM 2017 Generation, Fuzine, Croatia

Tihomir Kukolja wrote this article for the October 2017 Forum for Leadership and Reconciliation Newsletter

The 2017 Renewing Our Minds (ROM) leadership gathering held in Fuzine, Croatia this August brought together, a group of seventy young and seasoned leaders from fifteen countries. Among them were politicians, social activists, founders and directors of various non-governmental organizations, professors, journalists, artists, community and faith leaders, and pastors, students eager to make a positive contribution to their societies, and refugees from distant and conflict ridden countries seeking a new home.

Most of us came from Southeast and East Europe countries like Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, Greece, Moldova. Some came from more distant places, such as Iran, Afghanistan and South Africa. Some came Norway, UK and USA. We all came to wrestle together with hard issues that are hurting and dividing our countries, communities, and the world.

We talked in our small groups about the rise of nationalism, fascism, hatred, and intolerance.  We wrestled with the sins of modern day slavery, ethnic and religious discrimination, and increasing threats to human rights, freedom of conscience and religion, and to the peace in the world. Through it all we focused on Jesus as the source of healing, personal and social, and the answer how to uphold the dignity and integrity of human life. We discussed at length about how to become agents of forgiveness and reconciliation in our communities.

What distinguishes ROM from numerous other leadership development initiatives, is that we believe that the only humanism, social engagement and entrepreneurship that make a lasting difference in the world are those sanctified by the transformative power and example of Jesus Christ. The underlining understanding behind the ROM worldview is that only those leaders whose lives are moved and instructed by the power and example of Jesus, who through the cross embraced the whole world into His forgiving and healing embrace, are able to spread their hands in the loving embrace of our fellow men and women. Consequently, only the people with their minds renewed by Jesus are empowered to become the true ambassadors of genuine renewal in the world (Romans 12:2). Hence the ROM motto “Ambassadors for a Better World”.

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Participants at ROM 2017 from South Africa, Afghanistan and Moldova

 

If one is to single out the most powerful and transforming moments at the 2017 ROM Gathering it would be hard to do justice to the abundance of powerful moments that made this ROM Gathering stand out. We ought to mention a few, however: Agape Dinner, a welcoming dinner at the beginning of ROM; Refugees Morning and the Persian Night – special moments when refugees shared their stories and cultures; Empathy Night, a powerful evening session that opened our eyes to the hurts of others; and the feet washing moment at the end of ROM 2017 that powerfully and meaningfully demonstrated the power of humility in leadership. The most individually transformative times at ROM 2017 however were the afternoon small group activities.

Asked in the survey what they were taking home from ROM 2017, most of the participants said: “a genuine demonstration of love and service, friendship and transformation, a fresh understanding of leadership, powerful human stories, motivation to be deliberate in serving and loving others, better understanding of the centrality of Jesus, and of how one’s faith in Jesus informs one’s actions in society.”

A special gift to the ROM 2017 generation were the seven refugees who attended the gathering from the beginning to the end. Two refugees joined the ROM 2017 summer team. The other five attended ROM for the first time. One of them, a professional taekwondo sportsman from Iran, recently received the residence status in Croatia. The other six are caught up in a lengthy and tiring process of waiting to receive the final decision about their legal status in Croatia. Three of them, Christians had to leave Iran due to religious persecution. Two of them, Muslims from Afghanistan, left their country due to ongoing tribal discrimination and persecution. All of them are beautiful young people whose life stories, their attitude of service and gentleness have moved and enriched everyone attending the Gathering. All of them were also profoundly moved by the kindness, acceptance and love they received from everyone attending ROM 2017. “To us you are not refugees. You are our friends, brothers and sisters. We are your family, and you are our family,” those were the words of encouragement they often heard at the ROM 2017 Gathering.

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Small Groups are the heart of ROM

One of the two refugees from Afghanistan who attended ROM 2017 for the first time embraced the welcome he experienced at ROM with the following words: “I was a person who was not normally welcome into any community due to the reasons which were not my fault. I am from Afghanistan and this created in me a sense of growing hopelessness in my heart about God, people and everybody around me. But coming to ROM created a very different experience. I was no more a refugee. I was not a foreigner or a Muslim. I was a friend. I was a brother among other brothers and sisters. I understood that I am liked by others, and that God loves these people and me.”

It has to be said that the center of everything we did, taught or practiced at the ROM 2017 leadership and reconciliation gathering was the person of Jesus. The objective of the ROM leadership team was to encourage everyone attending to follow Him and emulate Him. One of the participants said a few days the ROM 2017 was over: “I was worried I would get depressed in the days after the gathering. But I did not because I see myself now as a person on a mission”. Another participant wrote: “A broken hearted and frustrated girl turned into an inspired, happy and full of hope person. The best gift I am taking from ROM 2017 are many friends who share the same values and love for Jesus.”

That ROM is much more than just another event to be quickly forgotten is demonstrated by the intensity of interactions between the new friends who now think alike in the days following the  ROM gathering. Debora Salgau from Romania wrote on her Facebook page a few days ago: “There were participants from many countries, of different backgrounds and different age groups. They slowly became my friends, and all my walls came down, and my prejudices were gone. So now, countries like Afghanistan, Iran or Serbia are more than just a point on the map”.

Violeta Altmann blogged recently: “I came to the (ROM) table hungry, dehydrated, discouraged, and then I was served clarity, encouragement and wisdom in the most unexpected ways. What I loved the most about ROM 2017 is that not every attendee was a Christian. If we don’t dine with the nonbelievers, when will we witness to them? I loved the way there was room for respect and conversation, understanding and love at the table.” You must read her entire article.

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Shayan and Donya Spanta share some music in Farsi

 

It is very hard to explain the passion and transforming impact the Renewing Our Minds ministry has on everyone who comes in contact with it unless you’ve seen it and experienced it yourself. Yes, ROM has to be experienced. The main reason I have myself stayed at the helm of the ROM leadership for so many years (since 2001) is that I am continually witnessing the work of the transforming power of God in the lives of the hundreds of young people who have allowed their minds to be renewed through its ministry. Nevertheless, one thing we witness again and again in connection with the Renewing Our Minds ministry: God is using it to direct, shape and change the lives of the young leaders, one at the time.

At the end of the 2017 ROM Gathering, through her own experience, Heather Staff – a young and emerging politician, and a director for the Youth Leadership Board of Christians in Politics in the UK, who serves also as a member of the ROM Core Leadership Group – summarized well the impact ROM ministry has had on the young leaders who attended the ROM Gathering in Fuzine, Croatia this August: “I am inspired. I work in politics in the UK. I am inspired, have become more cross-cultural, working with different groups and different people, but also basing all of it on the principles of Jesus. I am now louder and stronger, and a better voice in my community.”

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A Message to the Croatian Leaders

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On Monday, 25th September, 2017, Donya Spanta addressed a group of Croatian leaders about the plight of refugees, asylum seekers in Croatia. She delivered her message in the Croatian Parliament at the reception given in honor to Tvrtko Barun, one of the two recipients of the award “European Citizen” for the year 2017, for his leadership of JRS – Jesuit Refugee Service in Croatia and Southeast Europe. Donya Spanta spoke on behalf of hundreds of refugees who are at this time waiting to have their asylum statuses resolved. Donya Spanta and her husband Shayan are my good friends. Because of the urgency of Donya’s message I would like to share it with my other friends. Donya’s message delivered to the Croatian leaders a few days ago is the message that all governments slow to receive refugees must hear.

Donya’s message:

A refugee is a person who has been forced to leave his or her country in order to escape war, persecution, or other reasons. But who is a refugee according to media or in the minds of many people these days? A criminal, an illiterate person, or a dangerous person.

I’m from a modern country. I graduated in business administration, and my husband graduated in art. We’re trying hard to stay strong, and focus on our lives in this country.

We’re trying to help people however we can – with translation, with talking with them, spending time with them, or anything else that we think is important for them in this situation.

Maybe you want to know, in my country there is no war, but we had left our homeland, our family, our friends, our home, our job, and whatever else we had because of persecution. We didn’t have any other choice but escape.

Then we applied for asylum.  At the first meeting that we had with a legal advisor, they said that the asylum procedure takes around six or nine months. We had two interviews in the first four months. Our decision makers said we needed to wait two more months to hear from the MUP (Croatian Police).

Then sixth months later we got a letter letting us know we needed to wait for another three months. In the ninth month, we got another one telling us we needed to wait four more months. Finally, after waiting for fourteen months we had our decision from the MUP.  We were approved of receiving the international protection in Croatia according to our documents and proofs, but SOA (Croatian Security and Intelligence Agency) identified us as a threat.

I was in a state of shock for several days. I could not understand the reason why because they didn’t explain it. In fact, right now I am a threat to your country, and I am speaking in your parliament. What an amazing composition. We appealed, and are still waiting for the court date.

The procedure is really slow, and long. People are losing their hope, their patience, and their health. Women are depressed. Many marriages have been ruined. I know a girl who was left by her brother, who went to another country because he was not sure about his future here. And I know family with two little boys abandoned by their mother. She left them because she lost hope. You may come to our center to hear more real-life stories.

But I’m not here to complain.

Seen from another perspective, we live in a beautiful country with nice people and rich culture. You are friendly and welcoming. We have given us a shelter and food. It is not good but it is OK. You are giving us whatever you can. Many organizations work with us to help us have a better life, and I’m so thankful for all of them.

I am here to ask you to think about our problems and find solution for them. I am talking here on behalf of the people who are living in limbo, and suffering in a hopeless situation.

Please bring the change, do something however small. May God bless all of you!

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Audio and Video: The Way of Jesus

Tihomir Kukolja shared a message “The Way of Jesus” at the 2017 EDI – Economic Diplomacy and Integrity Forum in Fuzine, Croatia, July 2017. Time: 28:24 min.

The Way of Jesus: With a few adaptations, for the purpose of contextualizing it for the listening audience, I shared the message “The Way of Jesus” several times throughout 2017. I shared the same message with the participants attending the 2017 EDI – Economic Diplomacy and Integrity Forum (audio) at the end of July 2017 in Fuzine, Croatia. And then in August I shared it with the 2017 ROM – Renewing Our Minds participants (video). The available video segment features the middle part of the message presented at ROM 2017. Take 11:20 minutes, listen to the message and let me know your thoughts about the message and its implications. A message to EDI 2017 and ROM 2017 friends: let’s continue the conversation about the centrality of Jesus in everything we are, believe and practice. Video recorded by Silvia Nichita.

Additional thoughts: One day Jesus took three of his disciples – Peter, James and John – to a solitary mountain for a special educational moment. There the three disciples had a unique encounter not only with Jesus, but also with Moses and Elijah, the two pillars of the Old Testament religion. Delighted and afraid disciples wanted to turn the mountain into a holy shrine. The moment Peter suggested the idea to Jesus, everything changed. “A bright cloud covered” the terrified disciples. They fell to the ground and heard the voice speaking from the cloud: “This is my Son with whom I am well pleased. Listen to him!” A moment later they looked up and “they saw no one else but Jesus.” Matthew 17:1-8. In other words, no one and nothing else mattered any more except Jesus.

Additional reading: Jesus Transcends Them All

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God Has Not Forgotten Sarajevo

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Sarajevo in 1993

 

This is one of those stories that I repeatedly want people to remember, because as the years are advancing we can easily lose sight of the true heroes of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 years ago. This is partially so because the true heroes never brag about their acts of heroism. Of all of them who made a true difference in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the years of the sinister 1992 – 1995 war, we need to remember first ADRA – Adventist Development and Relief Agency and their 120 volunteers in Sarajevo, and many across Bosnia-Herzegovina, the region, and beyond.

During the 1,425 days of the Sarajevo siege 11,541 people were killed, of whom 1,500 were children. Early in 1993 I had the privilege of spending one month in Sarajevo as a guest of ADRA Sarajevo, and taste what it looked like living in an “open-air concentration camp” barraged every day from the surrounding hills and mountains with all kinds of mortars, missiles and sniper fire, in what was the longest siege of the 20th century. If I ever experienced what the real war looked like, this was in Sarajevo in 1993. 

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ADRA Sarajevo volunteers

 

Apart from the relief work of the U.N. agencies, ADRA was by far the most efficient and respected relief presence in Bosnia and Herzegovina thanks to its strict ethnic and religious impartiality. During those war years ADRA Sarajevo, with the help of ADRA International, provided also the only effective postal service that delivered thousands of letters in and out of the besieged city.

I am gladly giving my contribution to the remembrance of the true heroes, of whom many still remain unnamed. This is a fragment of my experiences of one month spent with the ADRA volunteers in Sarajevo in February and March 1993. This article was originally written and released for the first time soon after I left Sarajevo in 1993.

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Sarajevo after a morning mortar attack

 

A sudden burst of sunshine heralds the arrival of a new day. “Who would say this is war?!”, says Detlef Riemarzik, a photo journalist from Germany. The two of us are sharing a room in the home of Radomir and Mira Nikolic. Radomir is an Adventist pastor and the ADRA Director in Sarajevo.

Through the window of our room our eyes scan the authentic mixture of European and Middle Eastern buildings and roofs around us. The last patches of snow are visibly melting, revealing the ugly nakedness of the wounded city. The surrounding hills gripping Sarajevo in a deadly embrace appear cunningly still.

It is 8 o’clock in the morning, March 1993 — only a few days ahead of Easter. The rooms and corridors of ADRA’s offices in Sarajevo resemble a beehive. The ADRA Coordinating Team is meeting to discuss the priorities of the day. Today 120 volunteers will be busy distributing humanitarian packages, preparing an additional warehouse for the arrival of 30,000 food packages from a number of European countries, and distributing hundreds of letters that have arrived into the city with the latest convoy. In the first year of the Sarajevo siege ADRA provided the city’s only efficient postal service, delivering close to 50,000 letters to its citizens cut off from the rest of the world.

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ADRA Pharmacy, the only operational pharmacy in Sarajevo in 1993

 

Detlef checks his cameras, lenses, film. Stepping out of the sheltered ADRA residence into the open is a hazardous adventure. A group of people at the street gate asks us for a handful of any kind of food. “Just a potato or two, please,” asks one of them. Then, suddenly a sharp, metallic, thunder-like sound splits the air. Mortars — one, two, three hit the nearby houses. Heavy machine guns rattle. Sniper bullets shriek through the air. Metal fences and gates ring. Heavy dust rains upon the gardens, houses, streets. Detlef and I hide behind a wall. There, together with another fifty people, we wait for another round of deadly blasts to pass.

An hour later we find ourselves visiting Kosevo Hospital — overcrowded with the wounded and dying. Mufita Lazovic, a medical doctor, takes us around. People who have been disabled for life are telling us their stories. Hasan and Hana Camdzic, husband and wife, were wounded by an air missile while sleeping in their bedroom. Hasan has lost both, and Hana one of her legs. A tank missile has permanently disabled Elizabeta Krasni. Wounded Munira Milanovic describes with the tears in her eyes how she survived the blast that instantly killed her husband.

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The war children of Sarajevo. Where are they today?

 

“Children suffer the most,” explains the doctor while escorting us out of the hospital. “Not long ago we had to amputate both legs from a 6-year-old boy. After the surgery he begged his parents to give him his legs back.”

Only a few minutes’ walk from the hospital spreads Bare Cemetery with no more room to receive the daily increase in the number of the dead. Kosevo Football Stadium was turned into its extension. Respectfully we stoop down and observe the thousands of orderly aligned graves. Detlef reluctantly decides that he must take a few pictures — for the record. Next to one grave, three men support a collapsing woman. She is sobbing, screaming, cursing. There lies the dead body of her 19-year-old daughter, buried only a few days earlier.

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They were waiting patiently every day

 

A couple of hours later we arrive at the main ADRA warehouse in the city. Hundreds of people slide patiently toward the entrance that leads to four huge storage rooms packed with thousands of recently received humanitarian parcels. It seems as if the endless hours of queuing do not bother people doomed to waiting.

Through the eyes of his cameras, Detlef captures every moment worth remembering: an elderly woman with shaky hands placing her food parcel into something that used to be a stroller for babies; two young men loading their received goods onto their bicycles; a man totally immersed into reading the only paper published daily in Sarajevo; two women in tears embracing each other; a cat with a broken tail gliding through a jungle of human legs; and a man in a long queue slowly drifting forward and shouting “Thank you ADRA!”

In Sarajevo every moment, every movement and every picture tells another story.

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Rade and Mira Nikolic, the engines of ROM in Sarajevo

 

We then join Senad Vranic, one of the 50 ADRA postmen in Sarajevo. Not long ago one of their postmen was killed on duty while delivering letters to the homes of people not far from where we are. Although a volunteer, like any professional postman, Senad brings the letters right to the doorsteps of involuntarily separated mothers, fathers, children, grandparents and friends.

“There are hazardous days, too! Sudden blasts, mortars, bombs, snipers! Not a safe place to be! Still, I go because I know how much hope these letters bring to people separated from those they love the most,” explains Senad as we reach the gates of a small oriental-looking house occupied by a young couple. As we enter their home we hear an exciting welcome: “Our ADRA, our friends have come to us!”

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Seven funerals in one day

 

It is getting dark and we are back at the ADRA offices in Tepebasina 7. Hedviga Jirota, a cheerful 82-year-old lady of whom none would ever guess her age, has prepared a delicious supper composed of various humanitarian ingredients: blended cheese from Czechoslovakia; macaroni from Italy; rice and tinned corned beef from England; hot powder milk, enriched with white coffee powder from Germany. She invites Radomir, Mira, Detlef, me and a few others to take our places around the table. Could we ever expect a more beautiful feast in the undernourished Sarajevo?

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ADRA postal distribution service

 

“It is not easy. Many eyes are upon us. They think that ADRA can do what others can’t,” reflects pastor Nikolic at the dinner table. “In fact, we could do more if we would only have more trucks, diesel for trucks, better international support,” he adds.

By now it is almost midnight. Detlef and I are staring again through the window of our room. The engines of the U.N. planes shake the dark sky above the city. Tonight they are bound for eastern Bosnia where they will parachute several tones of food into the night. A sudden burst of machine guns echoes through the streets somewhere close by. We hear angry shouts, screams and more firing. A couple of distant explosions break in the night. And then everything is quiet again.

The moonlit houses look strange with all the lights out. The city, which appears to have fallen into a deep sleep, with only a few distant and dimmed lights creeping through the blankets stretched over the darkened windows, remind me of the romanticized pictures of Bethlehem the night when Jesus was born.

I wonder if in 1993, in more than a metaphorical way, Jesus walks the streets of an imprisoned and wounded Sarajevo? I cannot help but love those 120 dedicated volunteers of ADRA, Muslims and Christians together, who against all odds feed the hungry, distribute humanitarian aid, deliver the letters and give medicines to the sick. No doubt they are fulfilling Jesus’ commission: “Whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.” Through their dedicated service and sacrifices God is saying to the whole world that He has not forgotten Sarajevo.

Audio: The sound of machine gun fire in Sarajevo in March 1993.

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Having spent four weeks in Sarajevo I left the city with this ADRA convoy

 

Photos, audio and story: Tihomir Kukolja

For more photos visit here.

 

 

 

 

Audio: Interview recorded in Sarajevo in 1993 with the ADRA Sarajevo volunteer-coordinator Edita Dilber and a few other volunteers who volunteered  in the ADRA postal service at the time.

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Jesus Transcends Them All

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The Book of Hebrews, one of the most ignored New Testament books, powerfully argues that Jesus is the final destination and the retirement place of every religion, including yours and mine. All attempts to find God through the ways of religion are exhausted in Jesus. The One who “is the end of the law” (Romans 10:4.) has become also the end of any and every religion.

The book progressively demonstrates that the entire Old Testament’s religious narrative, with its beliefs, practices and institutions served only one purpose – to guide human history, and its communities and peoples to Jesus Christ. The Old Testament religion, with its prophetic mission, laws, tabernacle, priestly duties, sacrifices and festivals, observances and rituals – was only a shadow destined to vanish once the real deal was revealed, thus making Jesus Christ superior to every detail of the Old Testament religious decorum.

The author of the Book of Hebrews illustrates Jesus’ supremacy over religion with precision. A careful reader will notice that Jesus stands for – a better Moses (3:2.), a better Sabbath (4:9.), a better priesthood (7:12.24.), a better law (7:12.), a better high priest (7:15.16.26.27.), a better sacrifice (7:27., 9:26., 10:12.), a better ministry (8:6.), a better hope (7:18.), a better promise (8:6.7.), a better covenant (7:22., 8:13., 9:13.), a better order (9:10.11.), a better tabernacle (chapter 9), a better access to the Father (6:19., 10:19-22.), a better mediator (9:18.).

No element of the Old Covenant religion is left untouched. Finally, only Jesus remains, seated at the right hand of the Father, as the ultimate authority, and exclusive object and focus of our adoration. It is within such context that the author is calling his followers to be purified from the dead works of religion, and serve the real and living God, and not an ideological concept, idol or a mascot (Hebrews 9:14.).

The New Testament message supports the picture of a temporary and limited use of religion. It speaks of the Old Covenant as something that is fading away, disappearing and becoming obsolete in Jesus. It is “a veil taken away whenever anyone turns to the Lord”, and a “guardian put in charge to lead us to Christ” (2. Corinthians 3:7-18., Hebrews 8:13, Galatians 3:24.). The implication is that Jesus Christ is everything and much more any religion can offer.

With His life, death and resurrection Jesus Christ did not upgrade the old religion. He was not a “new patch placed on the old garment”, or “a new wine poured into old wineskins” (Mark 2:21.22.). Nowhere did He suggest that he was a founder of a new religion either. The four Gospels and the rest of the New Testament are uncomfortably quiet about Jesus leaving behind any instruction to his followers as to how to turn his legacy into a religious system. Instead he called people to follow and trust Him, suggesting that out of his following a worshiping, caring, loving and serving community would emerge; a community made of people who, having been embraced by Jesus first, are now embracing each other in love. Thus, His community would become the light and the salt to the world (Matthew 5:13-16.). The New Testament calls it His Church and His body, and defines it relationally rather than institutionally.

I suspect that not much of what most of us perceive as Christian religion today was ever intended by Jesus or his immediate followers. I fear that much of our colorful religious heritage, spiritual folklore, even some cherished teachings and beliefs are nothing more than ancient or more recent collections of superstition that are continuously pushing us back into the shadow-land of religion outgrown in Jesus?

Here is the punch line. The Old Testament religion, with all its religious décor, had only one legitimate purpose – to surrender people, communities and history to Jesus Christ. This is no less true for any other religion. They are only as useful as they are eventually willing to capitulate to the One who transcends them all. And Jesus’ intention was never to return his followers back to the ways of religion, but to keep them in his loving embrace.

Richard C. Halverson (1916-1995), a former Chaplain of the US Senate, summarizes it all well: “Jesus Christ transcends all religions! Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism. He is greater than all these, including Christianity. Religions are the inventions of men. They may begin with a great leader in mind, but human tradition soon reduces the original to a mere set of ethical standards and a dead letter of the law which no one can follow. Jesus transcends religion because He is the incarnation of all that is true, good, loving, gentle, tender, thoughtful, caring, courteous and selfless.”

The message of Jesus’ supremacy over religion, any religion, demonstrated so well throughout the Book of Hebrews, was also powerfully illustrated in the event of Jesus’ transfiguration.

One day Jesus took three of his disciples – Peter, James and John – to a solitary mountain for a special educational moment. There the three disciples had a unique encounter not only with Jesus, but also with Moses and Elijah, two pillars of the Old Testament religion. Delighted and afraid disciples wanted to turn the mountain into a holy shrine. The moment Peter suggested the idea to Jesus, everything changed. “A bright cloud covered” the terrified disciples. They fell to the ground and heard the voice speaking from the cloud: “This is my Son with whom I am well pleased. Listen to him!”   A moment later they looked up and “they saw no one else but Jesus.” Matthew 17:1-8. In other words, no one and nothing else mattered any more but Jesus.

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Sermon – Are You Following Him?

At the beginning of April 2017 I was honored to preach at the International Christian Fellowship Church in Belgrade, Serbia at the invitation of my friend and colleague Samuil Petrovski. The message of my sermon with the title “Are You Following Him?” was anchored in Mark 9:33-10:52. I would like to share with you a part of the sermon where I focused on the need to follow Jesus with the honesty and trust of children, and to humbly accept each other in Christ.

The sermon begins with the following words: “I think of many of my friends in the days when we were young. They were enthusiasts about Jesus. They were enthusiastic about becoming pastors and ministers, and about working for the Kingdom of God. But when I look at them now, so many of them – they don’t believe in anything any more. They got disappointed with Jesus. It looks as if God had failed them. He did not meet their expectations. They are saying: ‘We don’t believe in anything now. We are atheists.’ I would tell some of them: ‘You really need to asses your heart, honestly. Have you come to this conclusion because you really came to understand that God does not exist any more? Or, maybe you have become arrogant, and you do not want to trust Him any more, so you think you are paying him back when you say that you do not believe in Him’. I hear them saying: ‘You failed me, Lord, and therefore you do not exist for me any more’.”

For more take a few moments and listen to the whole thing. Time: 7:16 min.

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Morally Corrupt and Dangerous Fiction

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Today’s embrace of the theory of evolution by natural selection, as if it were a proven scientific fact, has much more to do with the scientific culture ridden by dishonesty than with the workings of empirical science. When this theory is abandoned as fake only one thing remains: trusting that the entire universe, including human life came into existence thanks to the intelligent design put in place by a creative and powerful God.

This is something that many modern-day scientists and philosophers dare not swallow. Admitting that a mighty Creator is behind the whole creation would lead the evolutionists to ask themselves some tough questions, such as: Who is the Creator? Is there anything that He wants from us? Are we in any way accountable to Him?

The theory of evolution is in fact the religion of science that is ideologically, and not factually driven.

Many people today would rather believe in a nonsensical theory about nothing somehow becoming something without anyone interfering in the process, and call it a science, than pay attention to the abundance of visible evidence of God’s creative power plainly made manifest, according to the words of Paul, in “what has been made” Romans 1:19.20.

Likewise, they would rather believe that adding the imaginary stretches of millions and trillions of years to the fictional evolutionary processes would make them more scientifically credible, than humbly admit that the theory does not hold water. And because they are not able to provide any meaningful empirical demonstration in favor of the theory, many evolutionists, Christopher Hitchens  and Richard Dawkins including, have chosen the way of contemptuous insult and mockery of anyone who brings faith and God into the story of our beginnings.

The workings of the militant evolutionists and atheists go hand in hand. Their activism is not much different than the deceptive lullabying of the underworld witch, described in the C.S. Lewis’ children book “The Silver Chair” (The Chronicles of Narnia). Trapped in the underworld and taken hostage by the wicked witch, the Narnia-bound children came face to face with a deceiver who almost succeeded in deceiving them into believing that there existed nothing else but her dark underworld.

“’It is all a dream,’ said the witch, always thrumming. ‘Yes, all a dream’, said Jill. ‘There never was such a world (Narnia),’ said the witch. ‘No,’ said Jill and Scrubb, ‘never was such a world.’ ‘There never was any world but mine’, said the witch.” To the witch the facts did not matter. What counted were her ritualistically repeated lies intended at making the children lose a sight of the obvious truth that above the huge dark cave shines the sun, and spreads beautiful Narnia, ruled by the powerful, just and good lion Aslan. The witch thought that if only she could erase from the children’s minds any memory of Narnia, any notion of the king Aslan would have become nothing more than a myth too.

The theory of evolution is much more than a theoretical concept. It births a dangerous worldview that has inspired philosophers, leaders of revolutionary movements and shapers of ideologies, all of whom were attracted by its immoral social applications and implications. Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Marx, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler understood just as well as the modern advocates of social evolution do today, that in the universe without God all moral restraints were gone, and the future belonged to the cruelest and meanest of the bullies. For, if the theory of evolution is the scientific and social truth, there exists no moral difference between one man killing another for the pure convenience sake, or crushing an annoying mosquito that has just landed on your hand.

The most evolutionists are still decent people who will not do anything foolish to other fellow men and women. However, this cannot be attributed to the high ethical standards found in the theory of evolution, but to the fact that the current lovers of the theory of evolution continue to feed off the borrowed values of the past generations. While most of them love to brag about how advanced and progressive they are in their thinking, they still dare not live the lives consistent with the worldview inherent with the theory. They are afraid of consequences. While professing boldly their scientific superiority, they are still finding comfort in the value systems derived from the faith in the God of clearly defined moral standards and expectations.

But, gradually, things are changing for the worse. Today we are hearing the talks about how science ought to take control over human evolution. Such statements demonstrate that the scientists and law makers of today are beginning to toy with the fire that does not belong to them. They are like priests of a new kind of humanity who believe that it is given to them to determine what will constitute the new human being. Eugenics, legalization of euthanasia, genetic modifications, merging humans with technology, and other attempts to redefine the boundaries of what it means to be a human being are only a few examples of the experimentations where we see the immorality of social evolution nudging us to take another bite from ”the tree of the knowledge of good and evil” Genesis 2:17. Apparently Ray Kurzweil, Google’s chief futurists, is not the only one who believes that within a decade “humans, with the aid of technology, will be able to live forever.” The deceitful thrumming of the ancient Witch is becoming increasingly louder:  “Your eyes will be opened, and you will be like god!” Genesis 3:5.

It all boils down to this: if we are the result of meaningless set of coincidences, journeying through millions of stages of impersonal and meaningless evolutionary history, and heading towards equally meaningless future, then human life is no more meaningful now than at any time in its evolutionary past, and as such it is a deserving prey to any bully or tyrant who will find a way to enslave us.

And why not? For in the universe which is run by the engine of impersonal lines of coincidences there is no room for justice, compassion, empathy, fairness and love. In fact, those qualities are annoyingly obstructing the evolutionary progress of the universe in which only one rule keeps the evil engine of evolution going – survival of the fittest. In the domains of social evolution this would mean the survival of the worst kinds of bullies, dictators, tyrants, all kinds of Borgs, Darth Vaders, Caligulas, demons and human beasts.

Wow! Would any sane person like to live in such a universe?

Thanks God, the theory of evolution is nothing more than a desperate and foolish fiction. Thanks God His revelation trumpets a different truth to anyone who wants to hear: “The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands. Psalm 19:1.

 

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When Jesus is Dethroned All Lights Are Out

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There where God is treated as dead all moral arguments are murdered as well. And there where all moral reasoning is turned upside-down, confusion and deception prevail. Whatever is wicked is called good and progressive; and whatever is good, noble and decent, will be called illegal and criminal.

When God is pushed out of the picture evil flourishes by default, queasy science replaces faith, and the lives of people are treated as disposable commodities. There the Orwellian systems and Kafkian nightmares rule the people.

Such are the antichrist’s times

We are worshiping beings. Let us not be naïve. Neutrality is not given to us as an option. Wherever God is dethroned, Satan is uplifted and worshiped. Bob Dylan truthfully and prophetically declared in a song more than thirty years ago: “You’re gonna have to serve somebody, it may be the devil or it may be the Lord, but you’re gonna have to serve somebody!”

There, where God is not allowed to reign, Satan sure will, one way or another, whether you believe it or not.  There, where Jesus Christ is dethroned all lights are out and all hell breaks loose.

Has our world reached that point yet? Almost! But hear the good news: God is alive and well, and He will not be bullied forever.

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